Tibet chairman vows to safeguard national unity
LHASA, March 27 (Xinhua) -- The chairman of west China's Tibet Autonomous Region pledged on Thursday night to resolutely safeguard national unity and security, and maintain stability in the plateau region.
Losang Jamcan made the remarks in a televised speech on regional television to mark the 55th anniversary of Serfs' Emancipation Day.
Authorities designated March 28 as the day to commemorate Tibetan democratic reform that ended the feudal serf system in 1959. The reform freed one million Tibetan serfs, or 90 percent of the region's population at that time.
The per capita net income of farmers and herdsmen in Tibet hit 6,578 yuan (1,071 U.S. dollars) in 2013, marking double-digit growth for 11 consecutive years, Losang Jamcan said.
The number of people living in poverty in Tibet was reduced by 128,000 last year. A housing project with an investment of 28 billion yuan that had taken eight years to build was completed in 2013 and 2.3 million farmers and herdsmen have moved into modern houses, he said.
"The hostile forces from the west and the Dalai clique not only ignore the massive development and progress in Tibet, but also strongly attack and refute the development path of Tibet," according to the chairman.
"We can not have any illusions on the Dalai clique," he said, adding, "We should crack down on any separatist and sabotage activities."
Tibetans mark Serfs' Emancipation Day
LHASA, March 28 (Xinhua) -- Celebrations to mark the sixth anniversary of Serfs' Emancipation Day were held in Tibet Autonomous Region on Friday.
More than 3,000 people gathered at the Potala Palace Square in the regional capital of Lhasa on Friday morning, watching a national flag raising ceremony and singing the national anthem.
In 2009, the regional legislature established March 28 as a day to commemorate Tibetan democratic reform that ended the feudal serf system in 1959. The reform freed 1 million Tibetan serfs, or 90 percent of the region's population at that time.
Wearing his traditional woolen pulu coat specially made for important occasions, Basang Cering, 37, a doctor working in the Tsejolin village near Lhasa, traveled by public transport for two hours to attend the ceremony in the square.
"People of my parents' generation, mostly born to serfs' families, have often told me they couldn't imagine living as they do today when they were kids, because at that time they couldn't find enough food to eat or clothes to wear," said the doctor.
Government statistics show that Tibet's GDP increased to 80.77 billion yuan (13 billion U.S. dollars) last year from 174 million yuan (23.67 million) in 1959.
Meanwhile, per capita disposable income for urban residents in Tibet reached 22,561 yuan (3,629 U.S. dollar) in 2013, while it hit 6,578 yuan (1,058 U.S. dollar) for rural residents.
"Our life is getting better with the good policies of the government. The emancipation not only changed their fates, but also mine," Basang Cering said.
In a park behind the Potala Palace, locals and tourists surrounded a makeshift stage, watching performances incorporating dancing, singing and dramas depicting Tibetan life after the emancipation.
Cering Zhoiyar, who is in her 60s, went to watch the show with her friends after finishing her daily praying around the Jokhang Temple in downtown Lhasa.
"Old memories flashed back," said the former serf, pointing to scars on her arms "left by my 'master'."
The emancipation allowed her to regain freedom and lead a decent life, she said.
"My children have grown up and have good jobs. I often tell them to cherish life today," Cering Zhoiyar added.
For the Thangka artist Lop, the emancipation meant an opportunity for him to promote traditional silk scroll painting, which used to be only enshrined in monasteries or nobles' homes, among ordinary people.
The 35-year-old runs a Thangka gallery in the Jokhang Temple, and the attraction is very popular among pilgrims and tourists.
"I will work hard to better inherit the essence of Thangka art so as to let more people know about Tibet, its history and culture," he said.