Four years after the coup in Honduras
FOUR years after the coup that overthrew the constitutional president Manuel Zelaya, many things have changed in Honduras, and the country is sinking more each day in a darkened by the fact unemployment, insecurity and poverty.
In statements to the BBC in 2012, Zelaya assured that the situation in this Central American country had worsened after the coup of 28 June 2009.
"Human rights are violated, the economy has declined, poverty worsened and Honduras, according to government data, has become the most violent country in the world with a record murder rate."
During the past 19 months, the executive and legislative branches voted 17 laws to combat crime, while at the end of last year, the state statistics showed 86 violent deaths per 100 000 population, said a report organizations of human rights.
In addition, it is rare that these facts are considered by the courts, and when they do, only 20% of crimes are educated, the Honduran authorities report that explain and the high level of impunity.
Inefficiencies in the search and the high level of corruption within the security forces forced to make trust exercises to remediate the police. Honduras through a situation characterized by considerable violence, institutional instability, inadequate income, lack of transparent public spending and a deficit which increased the public debt so implausible.
In this regard, the economist Hugo Noah said that the current debt balance represents 40% of gross domestic product, which endangers sectors such as education, health and food security.
Similarly, the ex-chairman of the Central Bank of Honduras reiterated the need for fiscal adjustment, which will depend on the political orientation of the next president, whose election will be held in November.
In a recent public intervention, the presidential candidate for the Freedom and Rebuilding (Freedom) party, Xiomara Castro, proposed an alternative model for the development and implementation of social programs.
"The current neoliberal model strikes entrepreneurs, workers, soldiers, police, women, youth and the elderly," said the candidate leading in the polls, according to recent polls.
The estimates of the NGO Casa Alianza approximately 1,500 minors living on the streets of the cities of Honduras, and that nine out of ten victims of abuse.
This fact demonstrates that the forces who orchestrated the coup in 2009 still hold political and economic power in Honduras, and prevent any possibility of change.
But this coup supported by the legislative and judicial branches also aroused popular conscience, and the social, environmental and agricultural movements, which now join the ranks of the Free.
This party promises to end the long hegemony of bipartisanship (Liberal and National), "a government that has caused delay, injustice, hunger, poverty, debt and violence," said Xiomara Castro. Many people have questioned the transparency of the electoral system, not to mention the aftermath of the deadliest period since, as Bertha Oliva, the Committee of Relatives of the Detained and Disappeared in Honduras highlights the oligarchy was not orchestrated coup to relinquish power after four years.