Hundreds of prisoners, like these revolutionary sisters, were massacred in the infamous Peruvian sate massacre in 1986.
The Peruvian Communist Party (aka Shining Path / Sendero Luminoso) were a Maoist mass revolutionary movement in Peru which fought throughout the 1980s into the early 1990s. By the early 1990s they were verging on making serious inroads into the capital and threatening the existence of the Peruvian state, which was and remains one of the most unequal and oppressive states in South America.
The PCP made their fair share of mistakes, some of them quite grave. Their sectarian position to other progressive and left forces might have been their downfall.
Their leader was captured, paraded like an animal in a cage (literally) and remains in a top security dungeon today.
Many of the inequalities in Peru, especially amongst the poor peasants (particularly the Andean Quechua speaking peoples) remain. Therefore the social basis for a poor peoples struggle remains also. The PCP exist in small numbers in the mountains today.
The historical time of the PCP's revolutionary strategy might be at an end, and a new revolutionary struggle in South America might be on the cards.
Whatever the mistakes and some crimes of the PCP, and while guarding against their sectarianism, it remains one of the most inspirational revolutionary struggles of the of oppressed peoples in recent decades.
One would say that perhaps the the struggle of the Marxist revolutionary armed movement of the FARC in Colombia is a more appropriate model for South America, marrying as it does a militant fifty-plus year struggle with alliances across South America and beyond, and alliances with social and civil movements in Colombia.
Sukant Chandan, Sons of Malcolm